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Ask the Experts


Is psychoanalysis a religion, a philosophy, or a science?

Answered by: Robert Glick

Psychoanalysis is a clinical scientific discipline that is both a type of intensive psychotherapy (often 4 sessions per week on the couch) designed to explore and uncover the unconscious determinants of certain forms of emotional suffering, and the related theories of mind, psychopathology, and clinical theory and technique on which the clinical treatment process is based. It was created by Sigmund Freud and rests on the assumptions of the complex role of the unconscious and of the past in present mental life. The patient's current experience of the treatment process with the analyst (the transference and resistance) is of particular importance in the therapeutic work.